RULE 7:3. Proceedings Before The Committing Judge; Pretrial Release
COURT RULE 7:3-1. Procedure After Arrest
- (a) First Appearance; Time. Following the filing of a complaint and service of process upon the defendant, the defendant shall be brought, without unnecessary delay, before the court for a first appearance. If the defendant remains in custody, the first appearance shall be conducted within 72 hours after arrest by a judge with authority to set bail for the offenses charged in the complaint. If the defendant's bail was not set when the arrest warrant on a complaint was issued, bail or other conditions of release shall be set without unnecessary delay, but in no event later than 12 hours after arrest.
- (b) Custodial Arrest Without Warrant.
- (1) Preparation of a Complaint and Summons or Warrant. A law enforcement officer making a custodial arrest without a warrant shall take the defendant to the police station where a complaint shall be immediately prepared. The complaint shall be prepared on a complaint-summons form (CDR-1 or Special Form of Complaint and Summons), unless the law enforcement officer determines that one or more of the factors in R. 7:2-2(b) applies. Upon such determination, the law enforcement officer shall prepare a complaint-warrant form (CDR-2).
- (2) Probable Cause; Issuance of Process; Bail. If a complaint-warrant form (CDR-2) is prepared, the law enforcement officer shall, without unnecessary delay, but in no event later than 12 hours after arrest, present the matter to a judge, or in the absence of a judge, to a municipal court administrator or deputy court administrator who has been granted authority to set bail for the offense charged. The judicial officer shall determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the defendant has committed an offense. If probable cause is found, a summons or warrant may issue, but if the judicial officer determines that the defendant will appear in response to a summons, a summons shall be issued consistent with the standard prescribed by R. 7:2-2(b). If a warrant is issued, bail shall be set without unnecessary delay, but in no event later than 12 hours after arrest. The finding of probable cause shall be noted on the face of the summons or warrant. If no probable cause is found, no process shall issue and the complaint shall be dismissed by the judge.
- (3) Summons. If a complaint-summons form (CDR-1 or Special Form of Complaint and Summons) has been prepared, or if a judicial officer has determined that a summons shall issue, the summons shall be served and the defendant shall be released after completion of post-arrest identification procedures required by law and pursuant to R. 7:2-2(e).
- (c) Non-Custodial Arrest. A law enforcement officer charging any offense may personally serve a complaint-summons (Special Form of Complaint and Summons) at the scene of the arrest without taking the defendant into custody.